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Jun 06, 2023  Al Chan

Improve Air Filtration - Intro to Bipolar Ionization for HVAC Systems

In today's increasingly air-conditioned and sealed indoor environments, ensuring the cleanliness and purity of the air we breathe has become a top priority. One effective technology gaining traction in the field of air purification is bipolar ionization. In this blog post, we will explore the fundamentals of bipolar ionization and its application in HVAC systems.

What is bipolar ionization and how does it work?

Bipolar ionization is an air purification process that uses negative and positive ions to improve filtration. The technology works by generating charged ions that are released into the airstream that attach to very small micron sized airborne particles, often referred to as PM2.5. PM2.5 particulates are so small they can penetrate deep into lung tissue and even into the bloodstream. When ions are introduced into the air, they charge these small airborne particles causing them to agglomerate together. This allows them to be more easily trapped by air filters.

smoke dust air pollution and mico particles

Bipolar ionization has several potential benefits for improving indoor air quality in various settings. It reduces the concentration of pollutants in the air, such as PM2.5, particulate matter, and allergens that can contribute to respiratory problems and other health issues. It can also improve the overall indoor air quality, making it more pleasant to breathe and improve comfort levels.

Is bipolar ionization safe?

Bipolar ionization is generally considered to be safe for indoor air purification when used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and industry standards. The technology has been used for many years in a variety of residential, commercial, and industrial applications.

However, as with any air purification technology, there are some potential safety concerns that should be considered. For example, bipolar ionization products can produce small amounts of ozone, which can cause respiratory irritation in some individuals. Therefore, it's important to select a product that has been tested and certified by independent laboratories to ensure that it operates within safe ozone levels or is zero ozone producing.

Overall, when used properly and installed by qualified professionals, bipolar ionization is a safe and effective technology for improving indoor air quality in a variety of settings. It's important to do your research and select a product that has been tested and certified by reputable organizations to ensure that it is safe and effective for your specific application.

Is bipolar ionization different than UV lights for HVAC?

Yes, bipolar ionization and UV lights for HVAC are two different technologies that are used for air purification, although they both aim to improve indoor air quality.

Bipolar ionization works by releasing charged ions into the air to that attach themselves to pollutants and cause them to clump together, making it easier for air filters to trap them. Ionization complements conventional filtration allowing the filter to become more effective.

Untitled design (22)On the other hand, UVC disinfection systems for HVAC systems, like the APCO-X by Fresh-Aire UV, use ultraviolet light to neutralize bacteria, viruses, and mold that are circulating through the air or that is growing in the HVAC system. When UV light is exposed to microorganisms, it can damage their DNA and prevent them from reproducing, ultimately deactivating them.

UVC technologies and bipolar ionization work very well together as one technology is focused on reducing airborne particles where the other is designed for neutralizing microorganisms.

How are bipolar ionization products installed?

Bipolar ionization products can be installed in a variety of ways, depending on the specific product and the needs of the building or space. Here are some common installation methods:

  1. Integrated HVAC Systems: Many bipolar ionization products are designed to be integrated into HVAC systems. This involves installing the product in the air handling unit (AHU) of the HVAC system, where it can clean and purify the air as it circulates through the building.

  2. Standalone Units: Some bipolar ionization products are standalone units that can be placed in specific areas of a building, such as conference rooms, waiting areas, or other high-traffic spaces. These units can be plugged into a standard electrical outlet and do not require any additional installation.

  3. Retrofit Solutions: Some bipolar ionization products are designed to be retrofitted into existing HVAC systems. This involves installing the product in the ductwork of the HVAC system, where it can clean and purify the air as it circulates through the building.

It is important to note that the installation of bipolar ionization products should be performed by a licensed and experienced HVAC technician to ensure that the product is installed correctly and safely. Additionally, the manufacturer's instructions and local building codes should be followed during installation to ensure compliance with safety and performance standards.

The right bipolar ionization product for every application

The new Enhance-Ion by Fresh-Aire UV is the latest in bipolar ionization designed to improve air filtration effectiveness. This ozone free product can easily be installed into the air handling unit or ductwork using the integrated magnets or hard mount.

Enhnace-Ion bipolar ionizer installed in air handling unit

You also have the option to install the Enhance-Ion in the return or supply. If installed in the return before the filter, there is the added benefit of increased particulate capture on that first pass as the particles begin to agglomerate together and are captured on the filter media. If installed on the supply, the ions will be introduced into the air stream and living space where the particles will once again begin to attract together allowing them to be captured on subsequent air passes. To learn more about the Enhance-Ion and other indoor air quality solutions, please visit www.freshaireuv.com.





Published by Al Chan June 6, 2023